A Controlled Comparison of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Two Psychological Therapies for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) vs. Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT)

Karatzias, Thanos PhD; Power, Kevin PhD; Brown, Keith FRCPsych; McGoldrick, Theresa BA; Begum, Millia MRCPsych; Young, Jenny BA; Loughran, Paul MSc; Chouliara, Zoë PhD; Adams, Sally MSc

Abstract The present study reports on the first ever controlled comparison between eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and emotional freedom techniques (EFT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A total of 46 participants were randomized to either EMDR (n = 23) or EFT (n = 23).

The participants were assessed at baseline and then reassessed after an 8-week waiting period. Two further blind assessments were conducted at post treatment and 3-months follow-up.

Overall, the results indicated that both interventions produced significant therapeutic gains at post treatment and follow-up in an equal number of sessions. Similar treatment effect sizes were observed in both treatment groups.

Regarding clinical significant changes, a slightly higher proportion of patients in the EMDR group produced substantial clinical changes compared with the EFT group. Given the speculative nature of the theoretical basis of EFT, a dismantling study on the active ingredients of EFT should be subject to future research.

Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease: June 2011 – Volume 199 – Issue 6 – pp 372-37

Bennie Naude
Imagine it, imagine it, imagine it and then imagine it some more: this is the quickest, if not the only way, to ever get what you want. Use this fabulous tool that you were gifted with, called your imagination, that most very successful people use consciously and the rest use it unconsciously, to create exactly what they want. Sports stars, business people, movie stars, you name it, they use it; if you are religious, it’s also in the Bible. Simply decide to use your imagination and create more of what you want.
Bennie Naude

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